How to Write an Academic Essay

How to Write an Academic Essay

An essay is used to submit a set of thoughts on a particular topic. Essays are used mainly in middle school, high school, and institutions of higher learning. Further, in the corporate field, one might be required to write an essay presentation. The essay is defined as a brief writing that outlines the information and opinion. If you want to write a good essay, you must understand that it is composed of three key parts: introduction, body, and conclusion.

Firstly, an essay is structured to detail an effective way of developing a paragraph and communicating an idea within a set of sentences. It begins with an introduction of the topic to be discussed with opening sentences to provide a framework of the essay. The introduction should be brief, and it should capture the key points to be addressed. Therefore, it is vital to consider having a draft that will make it easier to come up with ideas and help in the general planning of the writing process. It will be critical to carefully select the type of essay from a wide range of categories that an individual should consider using. This will ensure the essay is designed to analyze the points that develop into paragraphs.

The introduction moves from general to specific. This is where you:
  • open with a short orientation (introduce the topic area(s) with a general, broad opening sentence (or two);
  • answer the question with a thesis statement; and
  • provide a summary or 'road map' of your essay (keep it brief, but mention all the main ideas).

Secondly, the body consists of the main arguments that the essay intends to pass through. It focuses on providing a clear specific argument and the theme of the topic being discussed. The main body is where an elaborate discussion of the said topic is canvassed with interest in providing supporting details and dissecting into a well-organized set of ideas that captures the required response to the issue of the assignment. It constitutes of a well-formed structure, and it has the following features:

  • A firm argument that is based on the topic of the discussion and explained in chronological order. It should link directly to the context being submitted and outline in detail the introductory paragraph.
  • The main body should follow up on the topic being discussed and provide a clear and relevant example closely tied up with the essay.
  • It should also consider including a brief explanation of the main point of discussion vis a vis giving a clear indication of the appropriate picture the writer intends to bring out. The main body is where the writer builds a compelling essay, and most importantly, the writer can illustrate and prove the details of the assertions being discussed.
  • The writer should deploy impeccable grammar that should capture the reader's imagination and use persuasive language that can take the reader through an emotional rollercoaster. The main body should address the critical concern that the writer wishes to provide to the reader.
  • A writer needs to use transitional phrases that are helpful to distinguish the paragraphs and lead a reader to another paragraph with a set of flowing ideas.
The body of your essay consists of paragraphs. Each is a building block in the construction of your argument.
The body is where you:
  • answer the question by developing a discussion.
  • show your knowledge and grasp of material you have read.
  • offer exposition and evidence to develop your argument.
  • use relevant examples and authoritative quotes.

Lastly, a good and well-written essay should contain a conclusion paragraph that gives a final representation of the well-discussed ideas but in summary form. As a writer, this is where you make a final submission of your case by convincing the reader that you perfectly understood the topic you have discussed in the main body. The conclusion should rephrase the main topic and subtopics of the whole essay and provide a closing statement that underpins your thoughts in the essay you have just completed. Ensures you check on the grammar, punctuation, and vocabulary before submitting your work.

The conclusion moves from specific to general. It should:
  • restate your answer to the question;
  • re-summarise the main points and;
  • include a final, broad statement (about possible implications, future directions for research, to qualify the conclusion etc).
  • use relevant examples and authoritative quotes.
However, never introduce new information or ideas in the conclusion - its purpose is to round off your essay by summing up.

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